The cervix is a female anatomical structure located in the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancer results from abnormal cell growth in the cervix. Early detection through Pap examinations and other tests are essential in cancer control and prevention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) notes a high prevalence of cervical cancer in Western countries related to lack of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and absence of screening. Fortunately proactive measures can be implemented for health promotion and cancer prevention.