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How to Prevent Glaucoma and Maintain Healthy Vision?

January is Glaucoma awareness month, and a great time to start preventive measures that promote eye-health. According to the National Eye Institute more than 4 million people in the United States have Glaucoma. That’s a pretty high number that can be reduce with appropriate knowledge, prevention, and prompt treatment modalities.

Before placing our attention on prevention, it’s vital to have an understanding of the disease process. As stated in The Mayo Clinic, “Glaucoma is not just one eye disease, but a group of eye conditions resulting in optic nerve damage, which may cause loss of vision.” The Mayo Clinic also notes the gradual visual damage, causing the disease to go unnoticed in many individuals until the later stages.

How can we prevent one of the leading causes of blindness, and preserve vision in individuals at risk of developing Glaucoma? The Glaucoma Research Foundation (GRF) suggests people at risk of Glaucoma to test yearly after the age of 35. There are testing guidelines and recommendations varying on age and risk factors. Click here to read more on the age-related testing guidelines for Glaucoma.

Paul A. Sieving, M.D., Ph.D., director of the National Eye Institute (NEI), states:

"NEI-funded research has shown that treatment during the early stages of glaucoma can control the disease and prevent future vision loss and blindness. This is why NEI encourages people at higher risk for glaucoma to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam every one to two years."

Who’s at risk of developing Glaucoma?

According to the Glaucoma Research Foundation the following individuals are at higher risk:

1. African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics with European Decent

2. Individuals over the age of 60

3. People with a family history of Glaucoma

4.  Steroid users

5. Eye Injuries (e.g. Boxing)

What are some preventive strategies?

1. Schedule regular eye exams as indicated by the Ophthalmologist (eye doctor)

2. Eat foods that promote eye-health

3. Introduce an exercise routine (consult with your physician prior to engaging in an exercise program).

4. Quit smoking

5. Wear sunglasses

6. Protect your eyes from injury when engaging in sports and other extracurricular activities.

WebMD offers tips for maintaining good eye-health. Click here to read more. 

Understanding the leading causes of Glaucoma and ways to prevent the disease, is a starting point towards healthy vision. Begin this year on a healthy path by scheduling an eye exam with your Ophthalmologist. Prevention and early disease detection is paramount to wellness and a healthy lifestyle. 

* All information should shared in this article should be discussed with your healthcare provider prior to incorporating any suggestions. This article is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide advice or direct client decisions. 


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Yeneilyn is a Registered Nurse in the state of Florida since 2006. Her nursing practice began in the field of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Hospital and expanded to care for clients in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). She was provided the opportunity as LPN Instructor, which changed the course of her nursing career. She states, “Teaching nursing students expanded my view on positive influences nurses contribute beyond beside care. Nurses are central leaders in health education, client advocacy, and disease prevention.” Currently, Yeneilyn writes health articles and prepares Continuing Education (C.E.) courses for healthcare professionals. She continues her studies in the field of Nursing Education and evidenced-based nursing practice. In her free time she enjoys sharing time with family and friends.

For questions or topics of interest contact Nurse Yenny at:    




  • alex Friday, 28 February 2014


    I am living with glaucoma for over 8 years and I am 30 now. I want to know if I can work for IT company which usually makes its employee if selected undergo medical tests before joining. I need some information this. Basically, I am an Indian and I also wanted to know if this disease will affect my onsite opportunities..Like will I get Visa or clear medical fitness tests or whatsoever.. I am allowed to go abroad and work??

  • Nurse Yenny Friday, 28 February 2014


    Hi Alex,
    Congratulations on your new job opportunity. I would recommend a thorough eye examination with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor), which also allows the opportunity to ask any questions or concerns. Scheduling yearly eye exams (or more frequently, depending on your individual needs)is a proactive approach to eye health. Also, compliance with medication regimen (if applicable) and reporting any changes in vision are equally important. Much success in your career endeavors!

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